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Tema: Naturvidenskab

Se også: Se også: Teknologi; Miljø

Se også: Teknologi; Miljø
Camilla Royle: Marxism and the Anthropocene
International Socialism Journal nr. 151, jul 16 – side 63
Note: As you read this article every breath you take in contains about 400 parts per million (ppm) of carbon dioxide, around a third more than your great grandparents breathed 100 years ago. As well as leading to potentially catastrophic global warming, carbon dioxide in the atmosphere has changed the way plants photosynthesise and has also made seas and lakes more acidic, more so than they have been for the last 800,000 years. The effect human activity is having in the world is on such a huge scale that, for a growing number of thinkers, Earth has entered a new geological epoch defined by human activity. Using the Greek word Anthropos (human) they propose to name this epoch the Anthropocene.
Terry Sullivan: Dialectical biology: A response to Camilla Royle
International Socialism Journal nr. 145, jan 15 – side 179
Note: The concept of dialectics is central to Marxism and the fight for a socialist transformation of society. Given this, we should welcome Camilla Royle’s recent article in this journal on the dialectics of nature and in particular biology.
Camilla Royle: Dialectics, nature and the dialectics of nature
International Socialism Journal nr. 141, jan 14 – side 97
Note: In 1873 Karl Marx’s collaborator Frederick Engels started work on an ambitious volume entitled Dialectics of Nature. He described in a letter to Marx how, while lying in bed one morning, he had concluded that the natural sciences were really all about “matter in motion”.
John Parrington: Genetic technology should be free – and tested
Socialist Worker nr. 2362, jul 13 – side 15
Note: The term “three parent baby” is misleading but the technology could combat disease, says John Parrington.
John Parrington: The Human Genome Project: Brave new world of scientific understanding or false dawn?
International Socialism Journal nr. 139, jul 13 – side 99
Note: This year marks the anniversaries of two key events in science. Sixty years ago Jim Watson and Francis Crick revealed their famous “double helix” model of the structure of DNA, the “molecule of life”. And ten years ago saw the completion of the Human Genome Project, the international mission to decode all the DNA information in our genomes.
Colm Stephens: The Large Hadron Collider: Who gives a Higgs Boson Anyway?
Irish Marxist Review (Irland) nr. 6, jun 13 – side 70
Note: By now the Large Hadron Collider or LHC and the Higgs boson have become big news. Countless newspaper articles over the past year or so have tried to keep their readers up to date on the progress towards finding the so-called `God particle'. Despite the acres of newsprint and millions of web pages how many of us actually have a real grasp of what is going on in the tunnels below the Swiss-French border close to Geneva?
Dave O’Farrell: The Politics of Evolution
Irish Marxist Review (Irland) nr. 4, dec 12 – side 37
Note: Our standard view of evolution today is to an extent coloured by cultural norms, the ubiquity of the first image above means it is often the first thing many people will think of when they hear the word evolution. The reality of human evolution is, however, far closer to the tree like structure in the second image with it's many offshoots. The fact that only one species of human exists today is actually the exception rather than the norm and for much of our evolutionary history multiple hominid species co-existed.
Dave O’Farrell: Review: Chris Stringer, The Origin of Our Species, Allen Lane, London, 2011
Irish Marxist Review (Irland) nr. 2, jun 12 – side 110
Note: The topics of human evolution and the origins of human society have been of interest to Marxists since the time of Marx and Engels. The origins of modern human society have been an area of considerable debate on a number of fronts with Marx and Engels theories of a form of primitive communism existing in hunter gatherer societies often counter-posed with theories of humans as ‘naked apes’ with conflict and hierarchical structures being the norm.
John Parrington: Book Review: André Pichot: The Pure Society
Socialist Review nr. 337, jun 09 – side 27
Note: Charles Darwin's legacy has been much celebrated recently, this year being the bicentenary of his birth. However, according to this book, there is a much darker side of evolutionary thought that should not be forgotten. Pichot shows how Darwin's name has been invoked in support of the reactionary theory of "eugenics".
Alex Callinicos: Charles Darwin’s discovery
Socialist Worker nr. 2138, feb 09 – side 13
Note: Alex Callinicos looks at the political controversies that still surround Charles Darwin, who was born 200 years ago, and founded modern biology with his theory of evolution
John Parrington: Charles Darwin: Revolution of evolution
Socialist Review nr. 333, feb 09 – side 23
Note: Charles Darwin and Alfred Wallace formulated the theory of evolution and fought for its acceptance across the scientific community.
Siân Ruddick: Medicine and War exhibition: Is war ever responsible for human progress?
Socialist Worker nr. 2135, jan 09 – side 11
Note: The grotesque way in which the military and medicine are linked reveals much about our society.
Esme Choonara: Embryology Bill: Why embryo research matters
Socialist Worker nr. 2094, mar 08 – side 6
Note: Attacks on human/animal embryo research must be resisted.
Phil Gasper: Darwins farlige ideer
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 273, okt 07 – side 10
Note: Hvorfor er evolutionslæren en torn i øjet på højrefløjen?
John Parrington: Book review: Brain food
International Socialism Journal nr. 109, dec 05 – side 181
Note: A review of Steven Rose: "The 21st Century Brain" (Jonathan Cape, 2005), £25 + Terrence Deacon: "The Symbolic Species" (Norton, 1998), £8.99
Frank Antonsen: Læserbrev: Naturvidenskab er ikke borgerligt
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 218, sep 03 – side 10
Note: I sidste nummer af Socialistisk Arbejderavis havde Jakob Nerup skrevet en ellers udmærket artikel om studieforholdene.
Paul McGarr: Revolutions in evolution: Stephen Jay Gould in perspective
International Socialism Journal nr. 100, sep 03 – side 81
Note: Evolution has been politically contentious ever since Darwin developed his theory of natural selection. Paul McGarr summarises the work of Stephen Jay Gould, one of science's greatest popularisers, and the scourge of reactionaries and reductionists everywhere.
Malene Flagga: Morten Colding-Jørgensen: “Kaos og ikke-elefanter”: Sommerfuglens vingeslag
Socialistisk Revy nr. 10, dec 98 – side 24
Note: Bogen Kaos og ikke-elefanter af Morten Colding-Jørgensen, er et forsøg på at svare på spørgsmålene “hvad er kaos?” og “hvad kan det bruges til?”, så også lægmand kan forstå svarene.
Alex Callinicos: Darwin, materialism and evolution
(D C Dennett: "Darwin's Dangerous Idea")

International Socialism Journal nr. 71, jun 96 – side 99
Paul McGarr: Engels and natural science
International Socialism Journal nr. 65, dec 94 – side 143
Note: Paul McGarr's "Engels and natural science" examines scientific development against the background of Engels' ideas.
Martin B. Johansen: Marxister og kaos
International Socialisme nr. 5, jun 93 – side 23
Note: Kaosteorien bliver tit præsenteret ved eksemplet med den såkaldte sommerfugleeffekt. Det går ud på, at vejret kan være så følsomt over for små variationer, at en sommerfugls vingeslag kan forårsage en orkan på den anden side af Jorden.
Paul McGarr: Order out of chaos
International Socialism Journal nr. 48, sep 90 – side 137
Note: Chaos theory is more misused than understood. Paul McGarr dismisses the bogus political use to which it has been put and shows why this new science is asking the same questions that have long been thought the idiosyncratic concern of Marxist philosophers.
Malcolm Povey: Science and socialists: The science factory
Socialist Review nr. 116, jan 89 – side 26
Duncan Blackie: Science and socialists: It's all relative (Einstein)
Socialist Review nr. 115, dec 88 – side 26
Mike Simons: Science and socialists: Darwin's new dawn
Socialist Review nr. 114, nov 88 – side 26
Andy Wilson: Science and socialists: The core of Newton
Socialist Review nr. 113, okt 88 – side 26
Paul McGarr: Science and socialists: Star wars (Copernicus, Kepler and Galileo)
Socialist Review nr. 112, sep 88 – side 24
Note: One of the most popular courses at the recently held Marxism 88 was that on science. This month we begin a short series loosely based on that corse.
Here Paul McGarr writes on Copernicus, Kepler and Galileo.

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