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Tema: borgerlige revolutioner

borgerlige revolutioner
Neil Davidson: Feedback: Revolutions between theory and history: a response to Alex Callinicos and Donny Gluckstein
International Socialism Journal nr. 142, apr 14 – side 177
Note: Any author who attempts to reappraise a fundamental concept in historical materialism, in this case bourgeois revolution, can at the very least expect their work to receive close scrutiny from fellow Marxists. If, more specifically, that author is prepared to express doubt about the continued relevance of the most original aspect of Leon Trotsky’s Marxism, the related concept of permanent revolution, then this scrutiny is likely to be tinged with suspicion, at least from those who trace their political lineage back to the Left Opposition and the Fourth International.
Alex Callinicos: Feedback: Continuing the discussion
International Socialism Journal nr. 142, apr 14 – side 199
Note: The issues raised by Neil Davidson’s grand work on bourgeois revolutions are not merely of historical interest, but are of the first importance to the contemporary revolutionary left.
Donny Gluckstein: Feedback: Comment on bourgeois revolutions
International Socialism Journal nr. 140, okt 13 – side 207
Note: In International Socialism 137 Alex Callinicos mixes deserved praise of Neil Davidson’s How Revolutionary Were the Bourgeois Revolutions? with some qualifications. While agreeing wholeheartedly with both Alex’s praise and reservations, there is perhaps something more which could be added.
Talat Ahmed: Where did capitalism come from?
Socialist Worker nr. 2362, jul 13 – side 14
Note: Talat Ahmed looks at how the system developed the way it did in different parts of the world and argues that there was nothing special about the West other than accident
Alex Callinicos: The dynamics of revolution
International Socialism Journal nr. 137, jan 13 – side 127
Note: A review of Neil Davidson, How Revolutionary Were the Bourgeois Revolutions? (Haymarket, 2012), £22.99
Jamie Allinson: Revolution from above: The Meiji restoration: the threat of West drove Japan’s revolt
Socialist Worker nr. 2097, apr 08 – side 6
Note: In the third part of our series on revolution from above Jamie Allinson explains how military competition forced Japan’s rulers to reorganise society.
Jamie Allinson: Revolution from above: How did capitalism come into being?
Socialist Worker nr. 2095, apr 08 – side 6
Note: In the first part of our new series Jamie Allinson looks at how modern states emerged across the world
Pepijn Brandon: Bourgeois revolution: The Dutch Revolt: a social analysis
International Socialism Journal nr. 116, okt 07 – side 139
Note: The Dutch Revolt of the 16th century is probably the most neglected of the “classical” bourgeois revolutions. But this has not always been the case. In the years immediately preceding the French Revolution the Dutch Revolt even became something of a cause celebre.
Chris Harman + Robert Brenner: Debate: The origins of capitalism
International Socialism Journal nr. 111, jun 06 – side 127
Note: This is the transcript of the discussion which took place between Chris Harman and Robert Brenner at a school in London in November 2004 organised jointly by the journals International Socialism and Historical Materialism.
Chris Harman: The rise of capitalism
International Socialism Journal nr. 102, mar 04 – side 53
Note: Chris Harman, author of "A People's History of the World", seeks to explain why and how capitalism developed in the first place. Why did the once great feudal empires of the Middle East and Japan stagnate and fall behind? How did northern Europe leap ahead of the rest of the world? He seeks to show that there is one world history-a total story which can't be understood in fragments.
John Rees: The socialist revolution and the democratic revolution
International Socialism Journal nr. 83, jun 99 – side 3
Note: Revolution, like war, was supposedly banished from the world scene a decade ago. In fact, social inequality and class conflict have become more marked in the last decade. But the major revolutionary challenges to the existing order in the last ten years--the revolutionary transformations in East Europe and South Africa and the still continuing Indonesian Revolution have so far resulted in the achievement of parliamentary regimes underpinned by capitalist economic structures. In 'The socialist revolution and the democratic revolution' John Rees looks back at the original democratic transformations, the classical bourgeois revolutions in England, America and France, and compares them with the upheavals of the last ten years. The comparison reveals that today more discriminating approaches are necessary in the field of strategy and organisation if workers' power is to be the outcome of contemporary revolutions.
Sean Vernell: 1848 – arbejderklassens ilddåb
Socialistisk Revy nr. 6, aug 98 – side 24
Note: Året 1848 markerede den første ægte internationale række af revolutioner. Sean Vernell genkalder dette vendepunkt i europæisk historie, og argumenterer for, at det markerede fremkomsten af arbejderklassens styrke.
Chris Harman: From Feudalism to Capitalism
International Socialism Journal nr. 45, dec 89 – side 35
Note: The origins of the capitalist mode of production have been hotly debated by Marxists throughout the post-war period. Chris Harman examines the debate, including the work of Maurice Dobb and Robert Brenner. He goes on to provide a new synthesis which takes adequate account of both the economic changes and the political battles that made possible the transition from feudalism to capitalism.
Alex Callinicos: Bourgeois revolutions and historical materialism
International Socialism Journal nr. 43, jun 89 – side 113
Note: Alex Callinicos not only examines the class structure of the French Revolution, but also that of the other classical bourgeois revolution, the English Revolution of 1640. He then looks at the American Civil War and the bourgeois revolutions from above – Germany under Bismarck and the Meiji Restoration in Japan.
Norah Carlin: Medieval Workers and the Permanent Revolution
International Socialism Journal nr. 1, jul 78 – side 43
Note: The existence of workers’ struggles in the Middle Ages is rarely recognised by Marxists. This is a pity, because interesting and often heroic struggles which ought to be part of our tradition have been suppressed. Who now has heard of the Matins of Bruges, the Ciompi, or the workers of Provins who lynched the mayor when he ordered an extension of the working day?
Borgerl. rev.: Frankrig
Se også: Frankrig
Jack Farmer: Book reviews: Revolution rewritten
International Socialism Journal nr. 129, jan 11 – side 216
Note: Colin Jones, Josephine McDonagh and Jon Mee (eds), Charles Dickens, A Tale of Two Cities and the French Revolution (Palgrave Macmillan, 2009), £50
Neil Davidson: The French Revolution is not over
International Socialism Journal nr. 113, jan 07 – side 159
Note: A review of Henry Heller, The Bourgeois Revolution in France, 1789-1815 (Berghahn Books, 2006), £36.50
Gareth Jenkins: Red Letter Days: 22 June 1848 – Paris at the barricades
Socialist Review nr. 242, jun 00 – side 35
Paul McGarr: The French Revolution: Marxism versus revisionism (G Kates (ed): "The French Revolution: Recent Debates and New Controversies")
International Socialism Journal nr. 80, sep 98 – side 113
Note: Paul McGarr gives an overview of debates on the French Revolution
Ian Birchall: The Babeuf bicentenary: conspiracy or revolutionary party?
International Socialism Journal nr. 72, sep 96 – side 77
Note: The bicentenary of Babeuf's 'Conspiracy of Equals' during the great French Revolution allows us to examine a moment that has occupied an uncertain place in the annals of revolutionary history. Was it a hopeless act of a desperate minority? Was Babeuf's organisation the forerunner of the Leninist party? Ian Birchall offers a fresh view of an old controversy.
Norah Carlin: Daniel Guérin and the working class in the French Revolution
International Socialism Journal nr. 47, jun 90 – side 197
Note: Norah Carlin continues our discussion of the French Revolution, begun in issue 43, with a look at the work of historian Daniel Guerin.
Freddie Nielsen: Frankrig 1848
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 59, maj 90 – side 9
Jørgen Lund: 1789: Den store Franske Revolution
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 50, jun 89 – side 9
The Great French Revolution: Chronology of Events 1774-1815
International Socialism Journal nr. 43, jun 89 – side 7
Paul McGarr: The Great French Revolution
International Socialism Journal nr. 43, jun 89 – side 15
Note: ‘From this place and from this day forth commences a new era in the world’s history.’
So said the poet Goethe as he surveyed the victorious French revolutionary army ranged on the battlefield at Valmy.
In ‘The Great French Revolution’ Paul McGarr shows why Goethe was right. This fast paced account and lucid explanation of the revolution will give you a clear understanding of the revolution even if you have never read anything else about 1789.
Historical Materialism and Bourgeois Revolutions goes on to review the arguments of those historians, on the left as well as the right, who have disparaged the idea that Marxism can explain the massive social transformations by which the capitalist class came to power.
Gareth Jenkins: 1789 – Culture and Revolution: Triumph of reason (Beethoven)
Socialist Review nr. 116, jan 89 – side 28
Note: The French revolution of 1789 overturned al the old certainties of the feudal world. It was an inspiration to artists internationally for decades to come.
In the first of a new series Gareth Jenkins describes the impact of the revolution focussing in particular on Beethoven.
Borgerl. rev.: England
Se også: Storbritannien
John Rees: John Milton: poetic genius who was at the heart of revolution
Socialist Worker nr. 2131, dec 08 – side 11
Note: John Rees looks at John Milton’s role in the English Revolution of the 1640s, 400 years after the poet’s birth
John Rees: Oliver Cromwell’s legacy
Socialist Worker nr. 2117, sep 08 – side 13
Note: John Rees explains the relevance for today of Cromwell – the decisive figure of the English Revolution of the 1640s – who died 350 years ago this week.
Angus Calder: More than Culloden (Neil Davidson: "Discovering the Scottish Revolution, 1682-1746")
International Socialism Journal nr. 106, mar 05 – side 172
Note: A review of Neil Davidson, Discovering the Scottish Revolution, 1682-1746 (Pluto Press, 2003), £19.99.
Judy Cox: Dreams of equality: the levelling poor of the English Revolution (Brian Manning: "The Far Left in the English Revolution")
International Socialism Journal nr. 84, sep 99 – side 143
Note: Judy Cox welcomes Brian Manning's The Far Left in the English Revolution.
Brian Manning: Revisionism revised (Norah Carlin: "The Causes of the English Civil War")
International Socialism Journal nr. 82, mar 99 – side 93
William Keach: Rise like lions? Shelley and the revolutionary left
International Socialism Journal nr. 75, jun 97 – side 91
Note: Shelley's poetry is a source of debate for William Keach as he takes issue with some of the ideas elaborated in Paul Foot's famous account, Red Shelley.
Christopher Hill: Tumults and commotions: turning the world upside down (D Underdown: "A Freeborn People: Politics and the Nation in 17th Century England")
International Socialism Journal nr. 74, mar 97 – side 89
Note: Christopher Hill examines David Underdown's new account of the English Revolution of the 17th century in the first of our book reviews.
Mark O’Brien: The class conflicts which shaped British history (B Manning: "Aristocrats, Plebeians and Revolution in England 1640-1660" + J Saville: "The Consolidation of the Capitalist State 1800-1850" + J Newsinger: "Fenianism in mid-Victorian Britain")
International Socialism Journal nr. 73, dec 96 – side 95
Note: Mark O'Brien looks at the first three books in the `Socialist History of Britain' series produced under the direction of the Northern Marxist Historians group.
Brian Manning: A voice for the poor
(Christopher Hill: "Liberty Against the Law: Some Seventeenth-Century Controversies")

International Socialism Journal nr. 72, sep 96 – side 95
Lee Humber: Studies in revolution
(A Fletcher and P Roberts (ed): "Religion, Culture and Society in Early Modern Britain")

International Socialism Journal nr. 70, mar 96 – side 133
Note: Lee Humber reviews a new collection of essays on the English Revolution.
Brian Manning: The English Revolution and the transition from feudalism to capitalism (R Brenner: "Merchants and Revolution: Commercial Change, Political Conflict and London's Overseas Traders, 1550-1653")
International Socialism Journal nr. 63, jun 94 – side 75
Note: Brian Manning reviews the latest book by American socialist historian Robert Brenner.
Brian Manning: God, Hill and Marx (Christopher Hill: "The English Bible and the Seventeenth Century Revolution")
International Socialism Journal nr. 59, jun 93 – side 75
Note: Christopher Hill's new book, The English Bible and the Seventeenth Century Revolution, has already been widely praised. Here Brian Manning, himself the author of the recently published The Crisis of the English Revolution, reviews the book in the context of Hill's lifetimes' work and assesses its importance for the ongoing debate about the role of ideology in the first bourgeois revolution.
Norah Carlin: A new English revolution (Brian Manning: "1649, The Crisis of the English Revolution")
International Socialism Journal nr. 58, mar 93 – side 119
Colin Barker: A reply to Dave McNulty
International Socialism Journal nr. 58, mar 93 – side 137
Note: Colin Barker answers criticism of his review of Edward Thompson's Customs in Common.
David McNulty: Comments on Colin Barker's review of Thompson's Customs in Common
International Socialism Journal nr. 57, dec 92 – side 171
Lee Humber + John Rees: The good old cause – an interview with Christopher Hill
International Socialism Journal nr. 56, sep 92 – side 125
Note: Christopher Hill, the best known historian of the English Revolution, marks the 350th anniversary of the outbreak of the civil war with an interview which outlines the current state of historical debate on the revolutions' causes and consequences.
Lee Humber: The English people and the English Revolution
International Socialism Journal nr. 52, sep 91 – side 129
Note: Class, class consciousness and the English Revolution
John Rees: Revisionism refuted
International Socialism Journal nr. 50, mar 91 – side 125
Note: Christopher Hill: “A Nation of Change and Novelty, Radical Politics, Religion and Litterature in Seventeenth Century England” + John Morrill (ed.): “Oliver Cromwell and the English Revolution”
Christopher Hill, the outstanding Marxist historian of the English Revolution, has long suffered an assault on his reputation from the right wing 'revisionist' historians of the 17th century. In his new book he hits back. John Rees reviews Hill's reply to his critics.
John Rees: The rising bourgeoisie
International Socialism Journal nr. 46, mar 90 – side 159
Note: Peter Earle: “The Making of the English Middle Class – business, society and family life in London 1660-1730”
Duncan Hallas: The Decisive Settlement (1688, English revolution)
Socialist Review nr. 113, okt 88 – side 17
Note: 1688 marked and important turning point in the history of Britain. The victory of William of Orange over James II in what came to be known as the Glorious Revolution marked the consolidation of bourgeois rule.
Duncan Hallas looks back at the events and the forces involved.
Brian Manning: Class and revolution in Seventeenth Century England
International Socialism Journal nr. 38, mar 88 – side 41
Norah Carlin: Marxism and the English Civil War
International Socialism Journal nr. 10, sep 80 – side 106
Note: It is hard for a teacher or student of the English Civil War in 1980 not to feel that Marxism is under siege with supplies running out. The big guns of the academic establishment thunder ceaselessly against it, and even articles in supposedly left-wing journals proclaim that Marxism is dead.
Borgerl. rev.: Tyskland
Se også: Tyskland
Jamie Allinson: Revolution from above: How Bismarck won Germany's unification
Socialist Worker nr. 2096, apr 08 – side 6
Note: Why did a Prussian aristocrat succeed where the liberal business class failed? asks Jamie Allinson in the second of his four part series.
Jason Meyler: Marx, Engels og “Frihedens forår” i Tyskland i 1848-49: Revolution og kontrarevolution
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 27, feb 87 – side 9
Note: Fjernsynsprogrammet “Frihedens Forår” handlede om revolutionen i Tyskland i 1848-49. Vi ser kommunisten Friedrich Engels som en meget kritisk venstrefløj. Men vi ser kun et hjørne af revolutionen.
Borgerl. rev.: USA
Se også: USA
Megan Trudell: The pursuit of 'unbounded freedom' (Ray Raphael: "The American Revolution: A People's History")
International Socialism Journal nr. 92, sep 01 – side 141
Note: Megan Trudell looks at a new account of the American Revolution which tells the story through the words and actions of grassroots activists
Megan Trudell: Who made the American Revolution?
International Socialism Journal nr. 73, dec 96 – side 73
Note: America's Revolution is the subject of Megan Trudell's critique of Theodore Draper's controversial The Struggle for Power. She looks at Draper's materialist account and the objections raised against it by Draper's critics.
Megan Trudell: Living to some purpose (John Keane: "Tom Paine: a political life")
International Socialism Journal nr. 69, dec 95 – side 85
Borgerl. rev.: Japan
Se også: Japan
Colin Barker: Origins and Significance of the Meiji Restoration (1982)
Note: Originally distributed 1982 as a mimeographed hand-out.
Borgerl. rev.: Danmark
Tom Christiansen: Da middelklassen opfandt moralen
Socialistisk Revy nr. 5, jun 98 – side 22
Note: Kapitalismens gennembrud betød kaos og ekstrem fattigdom i byen. Tom Christiansen ser på middelklassens stræben efter at forme byens fattigdom, svineri og lastefulde levevis i sit eget billede.
Jakob Nerup: Danmark i 1800-tallet: Da kapitalismen brød igennem
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 152, feb 97 – side 6
Note: Serien om Bryggeren sætter fokus på en af de mest afgørende epoker i Danmarkshistorien. Men den viser ikke de store klassemodsætninger og sociale brydninger, som perioden var præget af.
Hans Jørgen Vad: Den borgerlige revolution i Danmark 1848-1901
International Socialisme nr. 6, okt 93 – side 5
Note: Ifølge megen lærdom går det danske Folkestyre, som vi kender det i dag, tilbage til 1849, hvor den første grundlovgivende forsamling blev valgt. Mange kender sikkert billedet, hvor man lige netop kan se Grundtvig sidde i et hjørne. Så får man associationer i retning af, at dansk folkestyre har en nerve med langt ældre rødder i dansk/nordisk folkelighed og bondekultur.

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