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Tema: Indien

Jørn Andersen: 150 millioner i generalstrejke i Indien
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 347, sep 15 – side 15
Note: Den mange millioner store strejke 2. september mod BJP-regeringens arbejdsgiver-venlige politik ser ud til at have været en succes.
Rahul Patel: Book Review: Voices of the sipahis
International Socialism Journal nr. 146, apr 15 – side 219
Note: Gajendra Singh, The Testimonies of Indian Soldiers and the Two World Wars (Bloomsbury, 2014), £27.99
The 100th anniversary of the First World War has brought into scope the “hidden” role of Britain’s Indian colonial soldiers. The recruitment of Indian Sipahis (or sepoys—soldiers) into the British Indian Army was utterly and cynically based on martial and environmental race theories. British army recruiters applied deep-seated racist notions in determining the type of Indian recruit they could and wanted to keep in the colonial army. The essence of the notion of divide and rule was practised most in the military.
Chaz Singh: Sikhs unite against planned hanging of resistance fighter
Socialist Worker nr. 2297, apr 12 
Note: Across the world Sikhs have been angered by the first hanging planned by the Indian judiciary since 2004. The man due to be killed is Balwant Singh Rajoana. He readily admits his role in the 1990s armed resistance against the repression of Sikhs by the Indian state.
Indien: Verdenshistoriens største strejke
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 318, mar 12 – side 15
Note: Den 28. februar gik mere end 100 millioner mennesker i en 24 timers strejke i Indien, og dermed var Verden vidne til verdenshistoriens største strejke.
Anindya Bhattacharyya: India: Left Front facing possible election defeat
Socialist Worker nr. 2249, apr 11 – side 4
Note: Voting started this month for elections in the Indian state of West Bengal. It could spell the end for one of the region’s longest serving left wing governments.
John Newsinger: Book review: Forgotten famine
International Socialism Journal nr. 130, apr 11 – side 220
Note: Madhusree Mukerjee, Churchill’s Secret War: the British Empire and the Ravaging of India during the Second World War (Basic Books, 2010), £18.99
The Bengal Famine of 1943-44 is one of the most terrible episodes of the Second World War. According to Madhusree Mukerjee’s new book, the death toll has to be revised upwards from the generally accepted figure of 3.5 million men, women and children to over 5 million. Certainly, it was, as the Viceroy, Lord Wavell, put it, “one of the greatest disasters that has befallen any people under British rule”. And yet it has almost completely disappeared from the history books.
Yuri Prasad: Book reviews: A tangled tale
International Socialism Journal nr. 129, jan 11 – side 215
Note: History Commission, CPI (M) History of the Communist Movement in India: Volume 1 (Leftword, 2005), $25
Jairus Banaji: The ironies of Indian Maoism
International Socialism Journal nr. 128, okt 10 – side 129
Note: “A spectre is haunting South Asia—the spectre of Maoism,” the Financial Times rather melodramatically announced in April 2006, reporting that the Indian prime minister, Manmohan Singh, had described Maoist guerrillas as “the single greatest threat to Indian national security”.
Barry Pavier: Book Review: Reclaiming radicalism
International Socialism Journal nr. 125, jan 10 – side 211
Note: Talat Ahmed, Literature and politics in the Age of Nationalism, The Progressive Episode in South Asia, 1932-56 (Routledge, 2009), £50
Talat Ahmed has written a fine account of the All-India Progressive Writers Association which flourished between 1936 and 1956. In doing so she has rescued it from its frequent fate of being labelled as little more than a front organisation of the Communist Party of India.
Talat Ahmed: Gandhi: the man behind the myths
International Socialism Journal nr. 123, jul 09 – side 111
Note: “The saint has left our shores, I sincerely hope forever”.1 Jan Christiaan Smuts, a future South African prime minister, uttered these words in 1914. The saint was none other than Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi on his way home to India after 21 years in South Africa.
Dipankar Bhattacharya: India: String of surprises
Socialist Review nr. 337, jun 09 – side 13
Note: What does the Congress party victory in India's recent elections mean for the struggle against neoliberalism?
Yuri Prasad: India: Voters give Communists a battering
Socialist Worker nr. 2152, maj 09 – side 6
Note: India’s ruling Congress party this week returned to power following the country’s month-long election process which concluded at the weekend. The Congress-led alliance trounced its rivals, winning more than 260 seats, while the right wing Hindu chauvinist coalition mustered just 158.
But the biggest losers in the polls were the mainstream Communist Party, known as the CPIM, and the Left Front alliance that it dominates.
Kavita Krishnan: Letter from ...: India
Socialist Review nr. 333, feb 09 – side 9
Note: India's ruling class is growing ever closer to US imperialism, reports Kavita Krishnan.
Chris Harman: In perspective: India: Poverty behind the tiger
Socialist Review nr. 333, feb 09 – side 14
Note: India's growing economy has benefited a corrupt elite. But the masses only get poorer.
Yuri Prasad: What’s behind the Mumbai attacks?
Socialist Worker nr. 2130, dec 08 – side 8
Note: Indian politicians have been quick to blame the Pakistani state for acts of terrorism, but, argues Yuri Prasad, the gunmen’s motivation is more likely to be closer to home.
How the state got away with murder in Gujarat
Socialist Worker nr. 2130, dec 08 – side 9
Note: The anti-Muslim pogrom that killed an estimated 2,000 people in the western state of Gujarat in 2002 remains an open wound and an injustice at the heart of Indian politics.
Meena Menon: ‘Demand justice and peace’
Socialist Worker nr. 2130, dec 08 – side 9
Note: Meena Menon, from the group Focus on the Global South, sent Socialist Worker the following statement
Anindya Bhattacharyya: Mumbai massacre: War threats will only fuel terror
Socialist Worker nr. 2130, dec 08 – side 16
Note: The horrific terror attacks in the Indian city of Mumbai last week left up to 200 people dead. Countless more ordinary people’s lives will be lost if the tensions in the region escalate into war between India and Pakistan.
Statement on Mumbai attacks (online only)
Socialist Worker nr. 2129, nov 08 
Note: Socialist Worker is appalled at yesterday’s gun and grenade attacks in the centre of Mumbai and offers its condolences to the families of all those who have been killed or injured.
Yuri Prasad: Indian Communists punished for land grab
Socialist Worker nr. 2104, jun 08 – side 4
Note: On the face of it, it was business as usual last week in the Indian state of West Bengal as an alliance of parties headed by the Communist Party of India (Marxist), or CPI(M), won the state elections.
Esme Choonara: Review: Indian farmers’ fight for land takes centre stage
Socialist Worker nr. 2103, maj 08 – side 11
Note: Satinder Kaur Chohan spoke to Esme Choonara about Zameen, her new play on the disaster of big business’s control over Indian agriculture.
Barry Pavier: Review: India today
International Socialism Journal nr. 118, apr 08 – side 221
Note: Niveditya Menon and Aditya Nigam, Power and Contestation: India Since 1989 (Zed, 2007), £12.99
Kavita Krishnan: Letter from ...: India
Socialist Review nr. 320, dec 07 – side 9
Note: Peasants and small farmers across India are fighting government land grabs for "Special Economic Zones", where multinational companies can make their own laws.
Aditya Sarkar: Nandigram: Neoliberal policies hit a rock in India (expanded online)
Socialist Worker nr. 2079, dec 07 – side 6
Note: Through 2007 Nandigram has witnessed one of the most significant movements against global neoliberalism and state power anywhere in the world.
Barry Pavier: Review: Passionate impasse: subaltern studies
International Socialism Journal nr. 116, okt 07 – side 201
Note: David Hardiman, Histories for the Subordinated (Seagull, 2007), £18.99
This is a selection of David Hardiman’s key writings, published between 1984 and 1996. They were all informed by his association with the influential and controversial Subaltern Studies project, which produced a series of 12 volumes of essays between 1982 and 2002.
Yuri Prasad: Bhagat Singh and the spark of revolt in India
Socialist Worker nr. 2070, sep 07 – side 13
Note: Indian revolutionary Bhagat Singh, born 100 years ago this week, was a young radical who fought British rule and rejected non-violence.
Meena Menon: India – the great democracy gap
Socialist Worker nr. 2064, aug 07 
Note: Sixty years after independence India is being ravaged by neoliberalism and increasingly divided between rich and poor, writes activist Meena Menon.
Anindya Bhattacharyya: Britain and India: Dividing to rule
Socialist Worker nr. 2063, aug 07 – side 12
Note: The policies of independence leaders and their colonial masters led to the tragic division of India following the end of British rule, argues Anindya Bhattacharyya
Aditya Sarkar: Nandigram and the deformations of the Indian left
International Socialism Journal nr. 115, jul 07 – side 23
Note: On 14 March this year, the state government of West Bengal, headed by the Communist Party of India (Marxist), sent several thousand police troops into the rural district of Nandigram in East Midnapur, the scene of a three-month movement by peasants against the establishment of a Special Economic Zone on their land.
Esme Choonara: Film Review: Water (Director: Deepa Mehta)
Socialist Review nr. 315, jun 07 – side 31
Note: It is a triumph that this film was made at all. When filming for Water started in India seven years ago, Hindu chauvinist mobs destroyed the set and threw it into the Ganges. Due to the sheer determination of director Deepa Mehta, the film was eventually completed. It was worth her perseverance because she has made an absorbing, visually stunning and emotionally gripping film.
Anindya Bhattacharyya: Outrage after Indian state kills peasants in Nandigram
Socialist Worker nr. 2043, mar 07 – side 4
Note: “Bodies were scattered all over the paddy fields, smeared with blood. The injured were screaming for help – and police kept kicking them.”
Vidya Sagar: India: Suicide and the 'Art of Living'
Socialist Review nr. 308, jul 06 – side 17
Note: Death is stalking the farmers of the Indian states of Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra, where more than 14,000 people have committed suicide between 2001 and 2006.
Talat Ahmed: Beyond the Subalterns
International Socialism Journal nr. 110, mar 06 – side 189
Note: A review of Tithi Bhattacharya: "The Sentinels of Culture: Class, Education and the Colonial Intellectual in Bengal" (Oxford University Press, 2005).
Talat Ahmed: Book review: Rigour against communal dogma (India)
International Socialism Journal nr. 109, dec 05 – side 171
Note: A review of Romila Thapar, Somanatha: "The Many Voices of a History" (Verso, 2005), £17
Esme Choonara: Cities in revolt (Mumbai)
International Socialism Journal nr. 106, mar 05 – side 156
Note: A review of Meena Menon and Neera Adarkar: "One Hundred Years, One Hundred Voices" (Seagull Books, 2004), £19.95.
John Game: Caught in a trap (Vivek Chibber: "Locked in Place: State-Building and Late Industrialisation in India")
International Socialism Journal nr. 106, mar 05 – side 177
Note: A review of Vivek Chibber, Locked in Place: State-Building and Late Industrialisation in India (Princeton University Press, 2003), £26.95
Editorial: Bhopal: Poisoned Indians still waiting for justice
Socialist Worker nr. 1930, dec 04 – side 12
Note: THIS WEEK marks the twentieth anniversary of the worst industrial accident in history.
Talat Ahmed: Mulk Raj Anand: novelist and fighter
International Socialism Journal nr. 105, dec 04 – side 159
Note: The Indian novelist Mulk Raj Anand passed away at the grand old age of 98 last September.
Chris Harman: India after the elections: a rough guide
International Socialism Journal nr. 103, jun 04 – side 49
Note: The Hindu chauvinist BJP's claims that 'India is shining' failed to convince the voters in May's elections. The results shocked left and right alike, ith the BJP losinga third of its seats an Congress returning as the main party after ten years on the sidelines. Chris Harman tackles the question of how the Indian left should respond, arguing that an opportunity exists to form a new left, ditch the old Stalinist certainties, and forge a movement to challenge the whole system.
Chris Harman: Behind India's shock election result
Socialist Worker nr. 1902, maj 04 – side 10
Note: A few months ago it seemed certain that the ruling BJP would win the Indian elections comfortably. But things turned out rather different, says Chris Harman.
Jan Hoby: Indien: Rødt kort til Indiens fascisme
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 229, maj 04 – side 5
Note: De indiske vælgere har sat en kæp i hjulet på højrefløjens ambition om at rodfæste fascismen. Valget var et rødt kort til det fascistisk ledede Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) i regeringskoalition National Democratic Alliance.
Mulig atomkrig mellem Indien og Pakistan: USA har en beskidt finger med i spillet
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 204, jul 02 – side 4
Note: Millioner af dræbte den første dag. Det er den sandsynlige konsekvens, hvis striden mellem Indien og Pakistan ender i en væbnet konflikt med brug af atomvåben.
Poul Erik Kristensen: Uroen i Indien: Stormagtskamp i Syd-Asien
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 202, mar 02 – side 4
Note: Krigen i Afghanistan har ændret det strategiske landskab i Syd- og Centralasien.
Line Høeg Jensen: Indien: Strejker mod markedøkonomien
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 180, feb 00 – side 4
Note: En kvart million indiske arbejdere i kamp imod privatisering og for bedre løn.
Sam Ashman: India: imperialism, partition and resistance
International Socialism Journal nr. 77, dec 97 – side 81
Note: Partition of India was the final poisoned gift of the British Raj to the people it had long held in subjection. Sam Ashman reviews the history of the British in India and looks at the social forces, imperial and domestic, which resulted in the division of the country.
Martin B. Johansen: Indien: Pesten er tilbage
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 108, okt 94 – side 6
Note: Lungepest er brudt ud i Indien, men sygdommen kan nemt udryddes med mere medicin og flere læger.
Carsten Sørensen: Indien: Gandhis voldelige arv
Socialistisk Arbejderavis nr. 3, dec 84 – side 5
Note: Indira Gandhis død blev startskuddet til den mest omfattende volds- og terrorbølge mellem forskellige trosretninger siden delingen af Indien i 1947.
Barry Pavier: Class struggles in India
International Socialism Journal nr. 20, jun 83 – side 55
Barry Pavier: India: Mrs Gandhi fends off a strike
Socialist Review nr. 40, feb 82 – side 8
Note: Barry Pavier provides a provisional balance sheet of last month's one day strike by millions of Indian workers against the latest batch of vicious measures from Indira Gandhi's government.
Colin Sparks: India and the Russian Revolution
International Socialism Journal (1st series) nr. 103, nov 77 – side 23
Note: Editors’ Introduction
Barry Pavier: India and the Russian Revolution
International Socialism Journal (1st series) nr. 103, nov 77 – side 24
Note: It is perhaps strange that there are no records of any Indian socialists before 1917, with only one possible exception. There were, after all, a large number of Indian students in Britain even then, some of whom were nationalists. It might have been expected that some of them would have moved towards socialist politics by coming into contact with the socialist parties in Britain.

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